CBD and Mammary Cancer in Dogs – Explained
Studies have shown that CBD (cannabidiol) can have antitumor effects and possibly combat the growth of some types of cancers. It also has been shown to help manage the symptoms caused by cancer such as pain, inflammation, and nausea. This means that CBD might have a good effect on helping to manage Mammary cancer in dogs.
If you find any lumps or bumps on your dog’s mammary glands, it can be very concerning. The good news is that nearly half of all lumps found in this area of a dog’s anatomy are benign. Nevertheless, if you do find any unusual swellings on your pet, it’s always advisable to take your dog to a vet for a check-up. Like all cancers, the sooner that it is diagnosed, the better the prognosis is likely to be.
If you are concerned about some bumps that you have found on your dog’s mammary glands, or your dog has already been diagnosed with mammary cancer you should learn everything you can about the disease. Here are all the major facts that you’ll want to know about mammary cancer in dogs. Also, I’ve listed some information on how CBD has shown good results to help your dog cope with the disease.
Why Has My Dog Developed Mammary Cancer?
As is so often the case with cancer in dogs, the reasons why a dog will develop mammary cancer are not fully understood. It is often a combination of factors that will all contribute to the onset of the disease.
The main trigger for mammary cancer is believed to be the spikes in the female hormone estrogen. This occurs when the dog is in heat. That’s why spaying a female dog before the first heat cycle, which usually occurs at about six months of age, will virtually eliminate the possibility of the dog developing mammary cancer. The risk of developing mammary cancer increases after the first heat cycle to the point that, after two years, spaying does not the reduce the risk by anywhere near the same extent.
What Are the Symptoms of Mammary Cancer in Dogs?
The primary symptom of mammary cancer in dogs is the appearance of lumps in the mammary glands. Mammary tumors in dogs usually occur in the teats towards the rear of the dog.
Early stage mammary tumors in dogs can be detected by palpitating the mammary glands. The tumors will feel like small pebbles under the skin. As the tumors develop, they will grow, and they could become purple or red in color or they could have a flesh tone. They can also be soft or hard to the touch and they may become ulcerated.
Other symptoms of breast cancer in dogs include signs of pain when the mammary glands are touched. Unusual secretions coming from the nipples, and swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin or under the dog’s armpits are other symptoms.
If the cancer has spread, then the dog may show signs of lameness, difficulty breathing, and other general signs of cancer, which include a loss appetite, a loss of energy and nausea and vomiting.
The disease may manifest itself as a single tumor or multiple tumors. Approximately half of all cases of canine mammary cancer cases have multiple tumors. If the tumor is movable beneath the skin, that usually implies that the growth is benign. If it appears to be fixed to the skin or the body, then that would suggest that growth is malignant.
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What’s the Life Expectancy of a Dog with Mammary Cancer?
The life expectancy of a dog with mammary cancer can vary considerably depending on a range of factors, including the size of the tumor, the type of tumor, how deep the tumor has penetrated the tissue, and if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. If the tumor is diagnosed early and it can be surgically removed, the prognosis for the dog is very good.
Breast cancer or Mammary cancer in dogs is a very aggressive cancer. Only 50% of lumps found in dog’s mammary glands are diagnosed as being malignant. Out of that 50%, only 50% are found to have metastasized to other parts of the body.
If a tumor that has not metastasized is surgically removed, the treatment can be curative. However, the prognosis for each individual dog diagnosed can vary considerably from a few months to several years.
How Much Does Dog Mammary Tumor Surgery Cost?
While no one likes to put a cost on their pet’s life, the cost of cancer treatments for dogs can be quite high.
In the case of mammary cancer in dogs, the cost of treatment will vary significantly, depending on the extent of the disease.
Major surgery to remove a tumor that has penetrated deep into the body could cost in the region of $1,500. Follow up chemotherapy can cost anywhere between $200 and $2,000, depending on the length of time that the treatment that is required. Radiotherapy costs can range between $2,000 to $6,000.
There will also be additional costs, such as the initial visits to the vet for a diagnosis, and additional medications to alleviate pain and fight infections.
What Treatments are Available for Mammary Cancer?
The surgical removal of the tumor or tumors is the usual method of treatment for dogs with mammary cancer. Depending on the type of tumor, the age of the dog, and whether the cancer has spread, the surgeon may just remove the tumor. If the tumor has grown and spread, then the surgeon may need to the tumor, the mammary glands, the surrounding tissue, and any affected lymph nodes.
If the tumor is particularly invasive and it has penetrated deeper into the surrounding tissue and bone, it can become difficult to remove. In cases like these, the surgeon may elect to remove as much of the tumor as possible and then follow up the surgery with chemotherapy. Follow-up radiation therapy may also be used to reduce the risk of a recurrence and to prevent localized metastasis.
Vets will usually recommend the spaying of un-spayed dogs at the time of mammary cancer surgery. This is because it reduces the chances of the cancer recurring and it improves the survival rate. As is the case with preventative spaying, though, the effectiveness of this will diminish with the dog’s age.
Vets might recommend for dogs certain suppliments that have been shown to reduce the risk of breast cancer in women. These supplements include -3-beta-glucan, which is derived from yeast, and Inositol hexaphosphate, which is derived from rice. There is also growing evidence to suggest that cannabidiol, or CBD, can help slow the spread of cancer. In some cases, CBD can help the body’s immune system fight cancerous cells.
CBD and Mammary Cancer in Dogs
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a natural compound that is derived from cannabis and hemp plants. There is growing evidence that CBD can be used as an effective treatment for cancer in both humans and animals. CBD has been shown to help alleviate the symptoms of cancer and the side effects of cancer treatments. There is also evidence that CBD can help fight the spread and the development of some types of cancers.
The biological system that CBD affects is the same system that is involved in several other bodily processes. These processes include metabolism, pain, and inflammation. When CBD stimulates this system, which is called the endocannabinoid system, it can help manage symptoms such as pain and inflammation. CBD has also been found to reduce symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
There is evidence to suggest that CBD can combat the growth of some types of cancers. Studies have shown that CBD may have anti-tumor properties. In one study that was conducted in 2013 by the Department of Experimental Medicine at the University of Camerino in Italy, researchers found that CBD appeared to inhibit the growth of brain tumors.
Although the early research into the beneficial effects of CBD for dogs with cancer has been very promising, the research is still ongoing and the results to date are only preliminary. However, there is lots of anecdotal evidence that would appear to support these early research findings.
Although dog owners should not attempt to use CBD as an alternative to the treatments recommended by a vet. Many pet owners have administered CBD to their dogs with mammary and have reported beneficial effects. It is possible, therefore, that CBD could reduce the symptoms of mammary cancer in dogs. Also, it may also alleviate the side effects of treatments like chemotherapy. Lastly, it may even help prevent the spread and further growth of cancer.
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